Bunions are a common foot deformity. They cause the metatarsophalangeal joint inflammation, which connects the big toe to the foot. This inflammation can cause foot deformity positioning and a lot of pain when walking or even wearing shoes.

What causes bunions?

The American Academy of Orthopedic Surgeons estimates that more than half of women in the United States get bunions. Women nine times more likely than men to develop this joint inflammation. One of the reasons that bunions can shape that 9 out of 10 women wear shoes that are too small.

Other risk factors that may lead to bunions include:

  • Individual foot type
  • foot injury
  • congenital defects
  • complications of bunion

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This inflammation causes the big toe to point towards the second leg and often causes painful lumps on the inside edge of the toe. In some cases, the toe will move under the second toe.

Sometimes the pressure is added to both legs will make the legs move out of position, even to the third leg. 

As the condition advances, the overall position of the feet may appear in the extreme deformity. Because of the position change, wearing shoes may be difficult.

Over time, bunions can cause chronic pain and even arthritis. repetitive strain on the metatarsophalangeal joint and leg positions related to making runs quite hard and very painful.

If nonsurgical treatment fails to relieve bunion pain and when the pain of a bunion interferes with daily activities, it's time to discuss surgical options with a surgeon's foot and ankle. Together you can decide if surgery is best for you.

Various surgical procedures are available to treat bunions. A procedure designed to remove lumps of bone, the leg bone repair structural changes and correct soft tissue changes that may also occur. The goal of surgery is the reduction of pain and disability.